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Memoirs of Major Joseph McJunkin - Revolutionary Patriot

 By Reverend James Hodge Saye

Major Joseph McJunkin (1755-1846) was one of the better known South Carolina Backcountry Whig heroes of the Revolutionary War.  However, the so-called Memoirs of Major Joseph McJunkin were actually prepared by the Reverend James Hodge Saye (1808-1892), a Presbyterian minister and amateur historian.  Reverend Saye used, as his major source of information, a hand-written manuscript that Major McJunkin had prepared in about the year 1837.  Saye also used many other sources, including magazine articles, interviews with other Revolutionary War veterans, letters, etc.  Reverend Saye's compilation was first published as a series of articles in a Presbyterian newspaper, the Richmond, Virginia Watchman and Observer, from November 1847 to October 1848. My estimate is that only about one-half of the published Memoirs is strictly from McJunkin's manuscript.

Reverend Saye was the husband of Rebecca McJunkin (1818-1904), a granddaughter of Major Joseph McJunkin.  This was a major factor in his gaining access to Major McJunkin's manuscript.

The McJunkin/Saye Memoirs have been used as an authoritative source by historians since they were first published in the Richmond newspaper. In addition to the published Memoirs, Reverend Saye provided copies of a great many of his interviews and letters to Lyman C. Draper.  Indeed, Draper, in his well-known book entitled King's Mountain and Its Heroes, frequently cites the  Memoirs.

This digitized version of the Memoirs incorporates some corrections and changes to the text as compared to the version published in the Virginia newspaper.

A few spelling corrections have been made. For example:  Reverend Saye used the name "Fletcher" for the noted Tory who lived near on Fairforest Creek in Union County SC. The correct spelling of this man's name is “Fletchall.” which is the spelling utilized throughout this digitized text.  The location where the McJunkin family first settled in South Carolina is stated to have been "Timber Creek." This is wrong.  The creek name has been changed to reflect the correct appellation - "Tinker's Creek."  Another correction worth noting is that "Sumter" is used instead of "Sumpter" for the name of the famous Whig partisan, General Thomas Sumter.

Most section heading titles, as published in the VA newspaper, have been reworded and several sections consolidated to facilitate reader access to the narrative contained therein.  The various parts of the McJunkin Memoirs are accessible from the following 40 hyperlinks:

1.   Introduction by Reverend Saye

 2.   Major Joseph McJunkin

3.   Presbyterian Emigrants

4.   Early Training

5.   Colonel Thomas Fletchall

6.   Joseph Robinson Aids Fletchall

7.   Robert Cunningham, Loyalist

8.   The Snow Campaign

9.   The Cherokee War

10.  Promotions of Joseph McJunkin and Thomas Brandon

11.  Colonel John Thomas and His Family

12.  Fall of Charles Town and Its Aftermath

13.  Thomas Sumter Assumes Command

14.  Battle of Ramseur's Mill, Tryon County NC

15.  Sumter Returns to South Carolina

16.  Huck's Defeat

17.   Battle of Rocky Mount

18.  Battle of Musgrove's Mill

17.  McJunkin's Illness

18.  Battle of Fishing Creek

19.  An Old Graveyard in Union County SC

20.  Fairforest Presbyterian Church

21.  Backcountry Tories

22.  Patrick Ferguson in the Fairforest Region

23.  Colonel Clarke and the Battle of Cedar Springs

24.  Military Situation in SC in November 1780

25.  Battle of Fishdam Ford

26.  Battle of Blackstock's

27.  Daniel McJunkin Taken Prisoner

28.  British Prison Conditions

29.  Daniel Morgan Arrives in South Carolina

30.  Battle of Hammond's Store

31.  Tarleton Moves Against Morgan

32.  Battle of Cowpens

33.  Colonel Roebuck and the Battle of Mudlick Creek

34.  Joseph McJunkin Wounded

35.  Joseph McJunkin Captured and Later Paroled by the Tories

36.  Siege of the Star Fort at Ninety-Six

37.  Colonel Glenn's Dream before Cowpens

38.  Miscellaneous Tales

39.  Major Thomas Young and Lieutenant-Colonel Tarleton

40.  Major McJunkin's Life after the Revolution

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